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|1205-1220 (452-467 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1220-1340 (467-587 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1310-1376 (557-623 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)|
The Sergian Experiments
On the Iberian Peninsula the six new provinces were all used as direct governmental experiments by Emperor Sergius and his dynasty. Beginning with Valencia, he ordered that their new Governor institute a policy that Sergius coined, Colligisima, which translates to about Collectivism. The farms of Valencia were brought in under a collective administration called the Valencian Agricultural Ministry, Ministria Agriculturae Valenciorum, which made the farmers into Provincial employees and their farms as Provincial property. This was a system that Emperor Sergius and some members of the Senate had been in favor of for some time. It comes from the idea of more than one family coming together and forming larger plots of land for mutual benefit. Here the benefit is for the members as well as the government. The funds were intended to go to the government who would then use them to assist and treat their farmlands. Colligisima was at odds with Cambissima which was seen as the cause of the revolution in Hispania. The Cambissima System was seen as concentrating so much wealth in the capital city that it only benefited those inhabitants and reduced the country population to not much more than slaves. So some intellectually minded people and Senators spoke about a system where wealth was shared through the Government and Emperor Sergius felt that Valencia was the perfect place to test such a possibility.
Cantabria and Occitania
Conversely, the Provinces of Cantabria and Occitania, being the most mineral rich, were made into industrial zones. The principle behind this was that if Valencian crops were use to support Cantabrian and Occitanian manufacturing them there could be a trade between them that would make both prosper. The Cantabiran and Occitanian Ministry of Industry, Ministria Industriae Occitanorum/ Cantabrorum, were given outhority over all manufacturing inside of these provinces. With this power came the ability to set prices, establish trade, and to found or close factories. The Ministry became the dominant force in northern Hispania and subject to the philosophy called Industrissima, meaning Industrialism and would be the new order for Valencians and Occitanians.
The Province of Catalonia was made into a trade center. Their ports, being the most developed, were the default for the use by any of their surrounding Provinces. Similarly, ports in other Provinces declined rapidly. The railroad, which had been growing rapidly in popularity, was built from all provinces and came into major Catalonian cities, like Barcino (Barcelona) and Girona and Tarraco (Tarragona). This support system would be the norm for all four of the Provinces we have mentioned but the last two Provinces, Ibria and Tolitia, were given very different purposes, many not focused on their economy. These four provinces had these policies implemented by the year 1225 (472 AD) but he struggled for what to do with the remainder.
In Tolitia, the Pontifex Maximus and Archoepscopus Romanum Lucretius Anistius petitioned the Emperor to establish a religious Province which would exclusively serve the Pontifex. Sergius, who knew that Anistius was serious about the offer, allowed the Archepiscopus of Rome into the city of Toletum where he began construction of an impressive Temple. Anistius did not move the Roman religious hierarchy into Tolitia but he had an important connection to it. In the city, the people were happy to see a man they viewed as holy entering and taking an interest in their Province. The Tolitians began joining the religious schools started by Anistius and what schools existed there before began to focus almost entirely on the religious studies. By only a few generations it was nearly impossible to find any temple in the Roman Empire that did not have at least one member who was from Tolitia. People began traveling in droves to see the temples and with that even more were erected. The City of Toletum, also known as the Second Holy City, became almost like one large Temple. The other Archepiscopi convened with the Pontifex in 1248 (495 AD) to add a new Archepiscopus, the Archepiscopus Toletonum, who would administer the second Holy City.
Lastly in Ibria, the Emperor chose to allow it to remain independently run. It was not forced into any policy or philosophy and interacted with all of the other Hispanian Provinces, as it shared a border with all of them. There were industrial areas, and there were family farms as well as farm communities. There were religious centers. There were trade centers and the Ibrians maintained this system without much government interference. The Ibrian system, called Governatas Ignavus or Lazy Government, would allow their economy to grow in which ever way it wanted. The Ignavus system would grow much slower than their neighbors at first but it would grow much more steadily. Any interruption that the industrial areas suffered would trickle throughout the other Provinces but Ibria always seemed the most resilient. Overall, the Hispanians were the most interesting group of Provinces and all the empire was focused on them.
The Tenth ExpansionThe Roman Historian Lartius Aurextius organized the history of the Roman Empire up until the loss of the lands of the North into nine periods. During the Early days of the Republic the Roman Empire grew to dominate the Italian Peninsula, this was the first expansion. Following this the Romans expanded into the Carthaginian lands during the Punic wars, which was the second expansion. The Conquest of Gallia was the third expansion and the fall of the Eastern Mediterranean to the Romans was the fourth. The Conquests of Aegyptus and Britannia were the sixth expansion. The Conquest of Germania by Emperor Marcus Aurelius was the seventh expansion. The Conquests of Armenia and Parthia were the eighth expansions. The conquests of the North were the Ninth and last expansion until Lartius’s History was published and it became a very popular historical text throughout the educational institutions of the Empire. In the year 1240 (487 AD) the Romans were preparing to move into the areas recently discovered by the Africans. News of this move were style the “Tenth Expansion” by intellectuals and then proceeded to pervade the public discussion.
The Romans moved into New Africa in the year 1247 (494 AD) after their preparations were complete and the fleet they had mustered was sufficient to take on any African or native threat. They intended to land near the northern border of the Zulu Colony but ended up in the Orinoco Estuary. The mouth of the Orinoco River, which was named the Galvisius River after Captain Dio Galvisius who led this first expedition. The Galvisius River was not explored entirely and the first move inward was met with a resistance toward expansion early on. The Romans chose rather to establish a firm settlement and them move out from there, as had been the case with Rome. The First Settlement was named Lurium after Emperor Lurio. It resided on present day Curiapo Venezuela and the Romans began to develop a firm trade connection with the natives so as to learn the resources and agricultural abilities of the land.
The New Africa CompanyIn recent years there started to grow an increasing concentration of wealth in Rome. Families had started up, especially in the Provinces of Francia, Britannia and Germania, which had been inheriting companies and industries for generations. Among the greatest of these were the Amphion family of the Britannia Steel Company, the Gratidianus of Gratidi Ironworks in Germania, and the Tetricus Family of bankers in Francia. These three came together to form the New Africa Company, they wanted to bring in small amounts of their own money, and the investments of some of their friends, and use them to create new ventures for all of them in the New World. This reduction of risk, as each party would not pay for the entire project, was called a conjoined investment company, or a joint stock company. This would be the way in which many of the Roman colonization efforts would be funded as the government quickly found their projects to be too expensive to fund entirely through usual means.
The New Africa Company, was this new creation was known, was not allowed to venture into New Africa by their own accord at first. Rather, they needed to petition the Senate or the Emperor for a Charter in order to touch this new land. The first charter of the New Africa Company, granted in 1248 (495 AD) requested rights to use the Port of Lurium and to explore its surrounding areas independently and alongside the military expeditions going on in the same region. The New Africa Company were the first to discover the river they named the Great Senicio River (Amazon River) after Captain Gaius Ulixes Senicio who led the first expedition down this river. The city of Ulixes (Belém, Brazil) was established and named after this same Captain, working for the New Africa Company, and which became a second great stronghold for the Romans in this new area.
The Romans and the Natives
The Romans and the natives had been getting along very well since the first landings in Lurium in 1240 (487 AD). From this settlements the Romans learned of the many different crops that grew well in the New African soil. Many of the first soldiers stationed in Lurium were sent only to learn how to establish farms for later settlers. The northeast region of Brazil however is not the best area for agriculture and with this the landscape could not support a large amount of Romans. Without the distinct advantage of having a large Roman population in the area, the natives were treated very well in this time and area and often worked with the Romans and established ventures and cities and villages open to both groups. This was markedly different from how the Africans operated in places like Kanguime City and New Zaire. There were many wars with the natives, meant to move them off of their land and because of the proximity that the Africans and New Africans had as well as the much more fertile and well developed agricultural systems, the Africans were very hostile towards the natives.
Romans and natives began to interbreed from the earliest settlements. Because many of the soldiers did not have women brought with them, many turned to taking brides from the local population. These children and families were called Miscellius. The later settlers did bring people from the Empire and many of them were Europeans. This ethnic diversity turned into prejudice very quickly and the lighter skinned members of society usually enjoyed better treatment in the country though it was not to the degree that the natives were upset. Many of the natives enjoyed a better standard of living with the Romans than existed before. The Romans and their large amount of land attracted more and more poor Romans, which there was certainly no lack of.
Great Wave of 1262-1307 (509-554 AD)
From the year 1262 (509 AD) to around 1307 (554 AD) there was simply a trickle of migrants coming into the Roman colonies. This depressed the growth in that region during this period and the economy of the region fell into decline. At this same time there was a revolt in the city of Lutetia Nova (Belem, Brazil) where the poor farmers rejected the aristocracy of the area which thrived in the port. The ‘New Lutetian System’ as it was named was a system of collectivization, an idea that was carried over by the immigrants from Valencia. This system, which was somewhat more productive because large plots of land were available for agriculture, spread the rumor that there was a boundless amount of land to be had in the Roman colonies. In the nearly fifty year period since 1262 (509 AD) the immigrants were mostly filling in lands that the Romans had laid claim to from the natives. By the year 1307 (554 AD) this land was filled and the Romans desired more people so that they could pressure the other natives to allow them access to these other lands. It was also at this same time that the huge migrant actions took place and the new stock companies that would transport them there were also founded. Each was expecting a plot of land and in the Romans had no choice but to further expand.
In the year 1276 (523 AD) the Cimbrian Alliance, now under the rule of High King Cynewulf, learned of the incredible discovery that was made by the Roman Empire. The Cimbrians, who had known only of lands as far away as Islia (Iceland), wanted make similar gains as the Romans so that they would not be set behind their greatest enemy. In the next year the High King and the other Prince Electors of the Alliance decided to move to war to gain Islia and then use this land as a foothold from which to move down into New Africa which they believe extended very far.The War for Islia was very short and only a single battle with less than one hundred casualties resulted from the attempted siege on the coastal town of Buthira (Fáskrúðsfjörður). After this the Romans chose to give the Cimbrians Islia rather than expend a war on this small island that was giving no real value anyway. The Senator appointed to negotiate this treaty was Marcus Tullius Pulvilius and when the Romans later saw what the Cimbrian Alliance did with Islia they would name the treaty “Pulvilius’s treason”. The New Kingdom of Islia, renamed Eisland, became a hub of Cimbrian ships which they had been busily building under the reign of High King Æthelred. The surplus of ships was brought out of the Mare Suebicum (Baltic Sea) and placed into the old as well as the newly constructed ports of Eisland. By 1280 (527 AD) the ports of Eiseland were at a level that Cynewulf deemed sufficient for further expansions. The Romans discredited most of these discoveries because as the Cimbrians found the southern tip of what is today Greenland, the Romans were finding resources and fertile soil in New Africa. However the Cimbrians took the ignorance that the Romans paid to them as a blessing and managed to land on the island of Newfoundland in 1287 (534). The discovery of this land, which had potential for the growth of some cities and fisheries, was amazing for High King Cynewulf who was coming under some pressure at the lack of valuable yield from his programs. The city of Cynewerg (St John’s), named after Cynewulf, was established and the island, which they did not understand was an island at the time of its naming, was named New Cimbira, Cynland. From Eisland, to southern Greenland, which was named Æthelreich after King Æthelred and then to New Cimbria were the routes of colonization and trade along the North Atlantic by the CImbrian Alliance.
Economy of Rome and New ZionIn the city of Rome the Emperor was making it well known that his was a revolutionary reign. Parades displaying the exotic animals and peoples of their New African Colony seemed almost constant. One of the best things that the Romans brought back were the delicacies that were common among the New African tribes but were considered luxuries back in the Empire. The new resources of sugarcane were incredibly popular in Europe and only increased in popularity as more people wished to immigrate to New Africa and make their own sugarcane venture. Gains in spices were also present. Another great luxury of the new world was Chocolium (Chocolate) which when sweetened with milk or sugar was a dessert favorite of the Roman aristocracy.
The Tetricus family from Francia that financed part of the first expeditions were now making leaps and bounds in their profits since those first attempts. One thing they neglected, however, was securing that other similar families did not take on similar strategies. Looking at the Tetricus example, families and businessmen from all over the Empire financed the desires of their own neighbors to explore the brave and inviting new world. Some of these banks began allowing some of their debtors to repay some of their debts by agreeing to move to the New World and leave their possessions to the banks. Only the most desperate people took this option as the journey across the ocean remained very arduous for those in the lower class parts of the ships.
Banks also owned the lands that the leaders of the expeditions claimed most of the time. Only when those people presented their contracts that they had with the banks or otherwise purchased it later were they given to any independent proprietor. The Banks that grew at this time were the Maximilian, Regillus, and Uticensis corporations which were owned by those respective families. The Maximilians operated primarily in Italia and the Uticensis and Regillus banks both dominated in the area that includes western Africa and the Iberian Peninsula.One difference in the banking market came out of the Eastern Mediterranean around the provinces of Greccia, Aegyptus, Cyrpus, Cilicia, Judea, Syria, Epirus, and Lycia. This was a jointly held bank that was made from the wealthiest families of the region. They also shared the philosophy on the recent effects in the new world. Noticing that only the people of Western Europe and Africa were making it out into New Africa, these families believed that everyone in the Empire should be able to gain a new life in the colonies, and this also opened them to the many people in the other provinces. The Western Mediterranean Banking Trust was an emerging corporation that was making many changes to the scene of banking in the Roman Empire. Among the changes that came with the Western Mediterranean Banking Trust, which was based in Judea, was that the Gnostic Religion soon spread to most of the influenced areas. Not only that, the Governor, High Priest and Ipsissimus of Judea, named Ambriel or Energy of God, was a fiery rhetorician and a keen financial manager. He convinces many of the more devout members of the Gnostic faith to spread their religion to the “ignorant” people of the New World. The brother of Governor Ambriel, Captain Abdiel meaning servant of God, was given a charter by the Western Meditteranean Trust and the Province of Judea to settle a new land which would be named New Zion, Zion being a traditional name for Jerusalem.
The Six Explorers of Cimbria
The Colony of Cynland, which is the OTL Island of Newfoundland, became the stepping stone from which the Cimbrians would spread out into the New World. Cynland would be only first of the Cimbrian colonies. The first of the explorations that would be made by the Cimbrians after the discovery of Cynland would be led by Captain Aedolf Jacobsson who would discover the lands of modern day Nova Scotia. He would named them after the abundant grape vines which were found in this area. This area was known as Vinland and it did not extend very deep into the forests of this land. That being said, the colony of Vinland, as it was known, was also dependent on the native tribes in the area. Among them were the Mikmak primarily and this well established and organized tribe managed a tactical relationship with the Cimbrians as they arrived. Though they did not want to try and expel the foreigners from these lands, they were worrisome of helping them and it was not uncommon for any settlements established to be sharply divided by cultural lines. This is the first time in the Cimbrian vocabulary that the word ‘Skraeling’ is used to describe the natives of their colonies. The word Skraeling means ‘barbarian’ and this represents the disdain that the Cimbrians had for the natives.
Thuland and HellulandVinland was only the first however. Following this discovery came two new explorations from the joint-stock company between the five Germanic Kingdoms of the Cimbrian Alliance. They gained support from the powerful port owners and merchants of that region and the best friends Eric Chattenson and Ecginolf Baldwinson went out to discover the next regions that the Cimbrians would lay claim to. Chattenson first landed in the region of Labrador that was known for the flat stones along the beaches. Chattenson named this area Helluland and here he came in contact with the Innu culture just to the south. The new lands of Helluland, named after the flat rocks, was in OTL Labrador. Baldwinson similarly moved into the vast areas of Hudson Bay. He believed that it was the ocean around Sinica that the Cimbrians had learned of from Roman atlases. Hudson Bay became known as the Baldwin Sea, which Ecginolf named after his father. Baldwinson moved to the western coast of Baldwin Bay first, he was looking for where the sea ended and thus touched the far end of the waters. While there, Baldwin discovered the Thule culture and he thus named the area he found Thuland.
The next explorations of the Baldwin Sea region would come with joint expeditions by Ecginolf, Eric and new men like Thornfinn Karlson who discovered Thornfinn Bay inside of the Baldwin Sea. The Thornfinn Bay corresponds to OTL James Bay. Thornfinn Bay became the center of the area known as Skraeland. The numerous tribes in that region that were very unorganized were conquered unilaterally and quickly by the superior technology of the Cimbrians brought with them in expectation of more hostile peoples. It was named Skraeland after the blanket term used for all the natives as there was no single clear tribe in that region to provide a namesake. The term Skraeland was very unattractive at first but as the forests and fur trades in the area proved very lucrative, more people began immigrating.
Innutland, Markland, and Dorseland
One of the most respected people were those in the area now known as Baffin Island discovered also by Thornfinn. This area became known as Innutland after the Innut people. Further explorations yielded the areak known as Markland in the forests between Skraeland and Thuland. Markland, discovered by Yngivild Snorrison was named after its thick forests and lied on the southwest coasts of the Baldwin Sea. Last of the new colonies was Dorseland and it lied on the other side of the Baldwin Strait which connected the Baldwin Sea to the Atlantic. The explorer, whose first name, Halfrid, was all he wanted to be known by, founded Dorseland and almost entirely destroyed their culture from history in a great fire known as Halfrid’s Extermination. This fearsome display of power and aggression sent many of the native people into subservience in avoidance of the tremendous power that the Cimbrians wielded. By the year 1340 (587 AD) this process had completed and the six explorers, Aedolf, Eric, Ecginolf, Thornfinn, Yngivild, and Halfrid, had secured much of the northern territories of the New World.
New Zion to 1340 (587 AD)
The people of the New Zion colony were all devout Gnostics and with this they felt that they and all who they associated with were a chosen people. With this they continued a series of sanctioned atrocities against the tribes in their territory. The New Zion people drew the lines of the territory that they were chartered quickly with the aid of the natives through the jungles of the region. Following this, the New Zion colonists began their own ventures and settlements. Expecting to be integrated as they knew was the case of the native peoples in the rest of the Roman colonies, the natives did not push integration and they suffered because of it. very soon the people of New Zion believed that the heathen natives and their religion should be driven off or killed off from their territory.Though their deaths were quick the fear of the New Zion colony, and their people, quickly became a common phrase in the continent of New Africa. By the year 1340 (587 AD) the people of New Zion had complete control and shared no territory with any native tribe or people.
|1205-1220 (452-467 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1220-1340 (467-587 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1310-1376 (557-623 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)|