|970-1104 (217- 351 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1104-1310 (351-557 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1310-1376 (557-623 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)|
Growth in the Japanese PopulationEdit
Throughout Asia there was an explosion of population due to the widespread peace and lack of any large disaster to curb the birth rate. These people began to move into the more sparsely populated areas of their respective nations. When this began to be too much of a strain on the land there were many innovations that accounted for this. In the Japanese Empire, especially, new techniques of farming such as the rotational system, that had been implemented in the Roman Empire for some time, were embraced more rapidly than other Empires. The Sinicans, because of the development of strong local customs, were very averse to changes. In many cases the only areas that had discussions about the base issues of their Empire were in large cities like Beijing and Xi’an. The Sinicans did begin these policies though mostly in the outskirts of these cities. The Japanese on the other hand had a tradition of universal implementation. When the Emperor was persuaded in favor of certain policies it was very rare for him to hear any objections and it was rare for any of the lower officials to even think of not enforcing these policies. Therefore, when Emperor Azumi in the year 1035 (282 AD) enacted the change in agriculture the Japanese were ahead of the curb in agriculture for almost another decade before the other nations were able to compete with them in the agriculture market.
The wealth of the Japanese encouraged many of them not only to have more children but to set out into the frontiers of the large North Asian colony the Japanese still possessed. Small, family farms sprang up and the Shoguns of the area were selling their families land to these upstarts. Small cities were now beginning to build themselves to the more distant areas of Northern Asia. On the River Azumi (Lena River), named after the current Emperor, there was a new town named New Kanazawa. This area began as a city in 1048 (295 AD) and became a center of trade among the North Asian Shoguns. The Mayor of New Kanazawa rebelled against these Shoguns and created a new Shogunate with the neighboring cities and their hinterlands as its constituent parts. The Kanazawa Shogunate was the fifth in the the North Asian Colony but set a precedent in this area after the year 1061 (308 AD) when this Shogunate was established. The Original Shoguns, who were now without the support from the main islands or their assets from the land they owned, began to fall immediately. By 1076 (323 AD), only 15 years after the establishment of the Kanazawa Shogunate, there were over twenty new Shogunates and the original areas, those not dissolved entirely, existed in much smaller areas.Before we proceed in describing the different Shogunates let us briefly see how the Shogunates existed prior to this explosion in the 1060’s and 70’s. The original four Shogunates were established by noble families that actually fell out of favor with the Emperor at that time, with the exception of the Tokugawa. These four families: the Suzugohei in the Northeast; the Tokugawa in the Southeast; the Kutsuwa in the Northwest; and the Mamori in what was intermittently Mongolila, all transferred what wealth they had into establishing new areas in the colonies. The Emperor at the time believed that these places would be the death of these families but in a few generations many of these areas were now rather prosperous and under control. The four original Shogun families were now the established political and economic power in their respective regions, save for the few times when the Mamori lost and regained power in Mongolia. In the rebellion that preceded the ascension of Empress Harima the Shoguns at this time took new names to disassociate themselves with their colonies and thereby gain the independence that would allow them total conquest, they were defeated however and the four families had their power returned. That being said, the new and numerous Shogunates were not of noble heritage. They were merchant and farmer class people with ideas that gained popularity among the native people. The Mamori were especially unpopular because of the Mongolian community in their area being so dissatisfied with being the underclass in their own land. The Tokugawa were the wealthiest of these Shogunates and retained the most land, but it was the prime coastal areas. The Suzugohei also held some ports but not nearly the degree that the Tokugawa retained. These new Shogunates now were growing much more exponentially than their former Shogunates. This is attributed to the sense of individuality and freedom that came with their new independence. The money and products of these areas was such a boost to the Japanese Empire that they appeals for assistance from the Emperor by the four original Shogun Families not only went ignored but the military in the area were ordered to now attack the new Shogunates and seek only to re-establish peace once the new Shogunates appeared to stop forming. This process, as we have already said, ended in 1076 and the city of New Kanazawa was by this time one of the largest in continental Asia. For the next thirty years there was an explosion in the population, most of which occurred in this colony.
Trade with the West and the Tibetan-Maurya RiftEdit
Over this same period there was also a growth in the amount of foreign trade, as has already been noted. This trade brought, among other things, the ideas about the world that had been commonplace in the Roman Empire for some time. Most proficient of these was a description of an automobile and how it moved people and goods quickly across their Empire. Sinica and Japan were fascinated by this technology, especially considering the detachment felt by many inhabitants from their neighbors in such a large Empire. The Sinicans and the Japanese were very ardent in their desire to get the technologies that the Romans had been using for more than 50 years, but their main conduit was now a main obstacle.
The Maurya Empire and the Tibetan Empire had been the veins through which the blood of knowledge and foreign trade had to pass. The Maurya were, as we know, a Hindu nation. Their Samraats were descended from the Great Shaman Harishchandra I and had a deep hatred for all things Buddhist or Thenmobist. However, this prejudice did not cause them to cut off trade with the Tibetan Empire because of lucrative relationship those nations had shared with each other. This was a violation of the laws of the Maurya Empire but the Tibetan Empire had enjoyed this treatment since before the rise of Harishchandra and so he chose not to interfere with it.
In the year 1080 (327 AD) Samraat Harishchandra V redoubled the religious laws of his Empire. The name Harishchandra had fallen out of the public mind of the people of the Maurya Empire. The Maurya were beginning to embrace the ideas that came through them to meet the demands of the Sinicans and Japanese Empires. Harishchandra V, taking the name of his distant ancestor to remind the people about the supremacy of the Hindu society in his Empire. Among his reforms was the stopping of the social mobility that was growing among the merchant classes so that they would not threaten to change the established system of castes. He placed a limit on the amount of money they could hold and returned the remainder to the nation’s treasury. This severely restricted the movement of goods to Tibet and cause tension between the two nations to arise for the first time.
In 1083 (330 AD) with the accension of Harishchandra VI, the Samraat cut off all trade with Tibet and other nations in an attempt to keep out the “Foreign and unnatural influences contrary to the perfect system of out heritage.” The Tibetans, who depended on free trade with their neighbors to support their economy and to import necessities like food, were outraged. The main trade route through which foreign trade and emissaries shad to pass through was now closed and Japan and Sinica were expectantly angered. The Japanese however were unable to reach an agreement with the Sinicans to attempt and resolve the situation. A Peace meeting in the capital of Tibet in Sengdroma (Lhasa) dissolved into violence between the two nations over the Sinican loss of Shanghai and of the Japanese islands being subjected to blockades and other examples of harassment by sea by the Sinicans on Japanese trade vessels.
The Maurya would also not budge on their stance and the Japanese and Sinicans, the only other nations strong enough to change the Mauryan decision, were not reacting either. The Sinicans would not be able to lead a strong invasion through the Himalayas without being too close together to be easy pickings for the Maurya. Sinica also could not invade by sea because the Maurya were in an equal, if not greater, position on the seas. The Japanese, being the strongest naval power, attempted to go through the many islands of what we know as Indonesia. These areas alliance with the Sinicans would not allow the Japanese to pass. The Japanese began looking to the records and maps that the Romans had in order to find an alternate route to their continent. They were going to attempt an expedition through North Asia but found its natives and their environment much to hostile. The same reason failed the Sinicans in moving through Central Asia from their Westernmost border. The last option, and the most obscure, was to circumnavigate the earth.
The idea that the earth was even round was something that the Sinicans rejected and mocked the Romans for believing. The Japanese were more open minded to this idea however. The Japanese had often observed how when a ship is far enough away from land one can observe only the tops of buildings and mountains as well as a large but subtle curvature in the open sea. This background prompted the Japanese begin exploring any lands they could find to the East of the ocean.
The End of the TripolipactumEdit
This idea by the Japanese was mocked by many of the other powers in Asia. Even some of the allies of the Japanese Empire were skeptical. The Sinicans especially were dismissive of the idea of a round Earth. Furthermore, the movement of celestial body had been meticulously tracked by Sinican scientists and they were not open to questioning. The Japanese pursued this theory without their neighbors support. Further, an alliance between the Japanese and the Sinicans may open up trade that would make the Japanese the dominant power they continued to believe themselves to rightfully be. Further disturbances in the system of peace that had maintained Asia for over a century occurred in the Maurya Empire.
The Maurya chose not only to remove themselves from Asian affairs but to pursue an expansion in a wealthy area that they had been hearing much of over this century of peace where leaders were anxious to take action that would provide the kind of glory that comes with victory in war. In 1109 (356 AD) the Maurya began to harass the seas around the Satavahana Kingdom in Africa. The Romans chose not to interfere and give to the Maurya what assistance they required, after all the Romans were not banning trade with foreign nations. The Japanese, who were expanding rapidly, left the Sinicans behind and began to expand out into the sea in an attempt to reassert their trade with Rome. What they would find would change the whole dynamics of Asia.
The Hosokawa ExpansionEdit
The Hosokawa Shogunate, which comprises what we know as the most Eastern portion of Russia, made their first discovery of an Eastern piece of land in the Island of Hamajima 浜島 (Commander Island) which only opened the door for further expansion from 1111 (358 AD). From Hamajima the Hosokawa Shogunate searched for areas of a more friendly climate, but came across the area that the leaders in Japan would believe to be Europe. The Hosokawa Archipelago (Aleutian Islands) seemed to appear one after the other in a succession that the Japanese would believe to be endless. By the year 1118 (365 AD) all of the Aleutian Islands had been found and the Hosokawa merchants going to come acress the western tip of what we call the Alaska Peninsula. The Japanese chose not to directly settle these islands, as they appeared to offer little.The Emperor and the Navy, led by Admiral Kazuki Satsuma (和希 薩摩), wanted to build a naval base on each ofthe islands as they had done with the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, and the Philippines. Kazuki Satsuma was a man who was as persuasive with his words as he was with his money. The Satsuma Clan had been leading the navy of Japan into victory and security for centuries and was very respected by the Emperor. Emperor Iesato ordered the Hosokawa Shogunate to halt his expansion until the Navy could secure these new areas. The Hosokawa accepted this order and knew the presence of the Navy would bring in a new set of customers and the Shogun and businessmen of his Shogunate were looking forward to this. The Navy, in what became know as Satsuma Sea, solidified the hold Japan would have on these areas and was the first to show that the Easternmost tip of the Hosokawa Shogunate was about fifty miles from the mainland. This knowledge would lead to a restart in exploration after the Navy had firm bases on all of the Hosokawa Islands. The name Satsuma can be found all around this area, from the name of the base on the Western edge of Alaska to the name of the sea that Kazuki Satsuma assured Japanese control over.
The Japanese had made some small and limited contact with a few natives who happened to be on the shores at the same time that their ships arrived. In these early days the Japanese came and went very fast and so the natives of the Aleutian Islands and the Japanese knew of each other but it was not until Admiral Satsuma began military actions that there were long-term interactions. The first of these actions was just after the founding of Fort Satsuma. The local chief of the local Eskimos, called the Kinugumuit in their native language which translated into Japanese as the Kinogami, approached Admiral Satsuma himself and offered him one of the fur coats that his people made from the Polar bears of the region. This offering prompted the admiral to give to the Eskimos a level of friendship that would characterize their interactions with the natives.
Returning from these expeditions in the North Seas, later named the Satsuma Sea by order of the Emperor, the wealthy and prominent in Japan who had missed out on the expansions in the North Asian Colonies desired to gain new property for their families. Similarly, the current families of the North Asian Shogunates wanted to extend their own possessions into these new territories. Other causes that led to expeditions to this area were the fascination that the noble women of Japan had with the fur coats and hats that Admiral Satsuma presented as a gift to the wife of Emperor Iesato, Empress Teimei 貞明. This fashion became prized and was a symbol of the wealthiest women in Japan, or rather the wives of the wealthiest husbands.
In the unnamed lands to the north there were several benefits for the natives. Among them were the import of new sorts of weapons. Though it was often claimed that the natives of this region were of a peaceful temper and the several tribes lived in harmony with each other as they did with the land, the several tribes warred with each other often and they were not as notable as the wars in the old world because of the rudimentary weapons. The firearm changes this as it did everywhere it was introduced. The Admiral Satsuma taught the natives tactics of war against the other tribes in exchange for the natives teaching the Japanese about the landscape and geology of this region. One of the first things that the Japanese looked for was resources and once they made their way into the interior of this land they found an abundance of resources.
The Flood of 1150 (397 AD)Edit
The Japanese and the Natives grew closer over the years following their initial contact with Admiral Satsuma. In the year 1145 (392 AD) the Natives were all subdued and the Japanese received full and complete access to the resources of their lands in an exclusive deal between their Grand Chief and Admiral Satsuma, who was acting on behalf of the Emperor. This deal would recognize not only the new Grand Chief and his dominance over the region but also it would shut out many of the Japanese from taking control of the lands that they did not already claim, which were limited to the Hosokawa (Aleutian) Islands, the small lands surrounding Fort Satsuma and Fort Kazuki, which was built just half a decade after Fort Satsuma in Nome, Alaska. The Japanese families, by and large, ignored this actions and flooded into the territory anyway.Despite the claim that the Grand Chief had made over all the non-Japanese claimed territory there were many areas in his domain where scarcely any lived. These open pockets were the doorways from which the Japanese would continue to make new claims to new lands. The largest of these were by two notable men named Shunsui Tachibana and Hiroshi Minamoto. The each belonged to very prominent, landed, and gentrified families in the main islands of Japan. They each made tremendous amounts of money from their holdings on the main islands and used these to fund their plans of expansion. Both of them moved with what were essentially fleets of immigrants that they intended to bring as laborers and soldiers should they find any problems with the natives. Tachibana landed in the New Chisima Islands wherefrom he landed in the Alaska Peninsula which he renamed the Tachibana Peninsula (橘氏半島). Minamoto landed in Kodiak Island which he named Hiroshi Island and founded what he called New Fukuoka which would be the capital of his dream, the Minamoto Shoguante. But these men were only the wealthiest examples. Many other smaller families and even coalitions of families endeavored to establish themselves in this brave new world.
This began in 1150 but it would last until at least 1200 (447 AD). It was named the flood because of the vast amounts of people going into these new lands, looking for furs, money, a new life, resources, and any number of other reasons. The Tachibana and the Minamoto Shogunates that appeared at this time were the largest in the beginning of this era but there were others arriving and establishing new Shogunates on the coast of the new continent.
News reaches AsiaEdit
Before the beginning of this war there were many changes in Asia in response to the news of new lands being conquered by the Japanese. It is easy to imagine that the Sinicans especially were intimidated by the growth of the Japanese Empire. The increase in Japanese power through the discovery of lands that other nations were cut off from made all smaller nations and their leaders look to defend themselves from the possibility of the Japanese Empire moving into their small nations with whatever innovations they find in their colonies. The Sinicans once again looked to make allies with the smaller nations around them, there was talk by the new emperor, Yongshou 永壽, as early as 1130 (377 AD). He chose to pursue a military alliance surrounding the Japanese in order to defend their nations if they were attacked by this Empire. Yongshou and his ministers traveled from the Khmer Kingdom and United Kingdom of Lao-Cham down to the Java Republic, The Tanimbar Kingdom, and the Motu Republic. They also maintained diplomatic relations with the Thai and the Lapita Admiralty and Vanuatu. With the exception of the Sulawesi, Sinica had an essential military hegemony over these areas and with this began pursuing a defensive program that would secure the trade in Asia. With the aid of the industry in Sinica and Tibet, weapons and building materials flooded into these areas and onto their several islands and coasts. The fortification took nearly thirty five years to complete but by 1166 (410 AD) ) there were sufficient defensive establishments across the Coast and Southeast Asia. It would be nearly one hundred years before the relationship between the Asian Empires began to improve.
The Second Mongolian RevolutionEditDissatisfaction was once again coming to a head in the areas of the Japanese Empire populated mostly by the Mongol people. This, as we know, was not the first time. However, the Sinicans had more incentive and resources to support the rebellious members of the Mongolian society. The Mongols were supported, morally, financially, and in the form of arms, by the Sinican Empire and their allies throughout South and Southeast Asia. In the year 1238 (485 AD) the Mongolians rose up in the city of New Kyoto in order to displace the Second Mamori Shogunate who, though it was the smallest of the Japanese Shogunates in Mongolian lands, were the wealthiest and most connected Shogunate. This rebellion sparked other smaller rebellions and the Sinicans, looking for any and all opportunities to weaken the Japanese Empire, funded and transported weapons to the Mongolians. They saw them as “brothers” and believed that the Mongols were treated unfairly and had a “divine right” to take actions against their “oppressors.” Further rebellions opened up in the next five years and by the year 1244 (491 AD) there were eight Shogunates under the control of the Mongols.
The first four were the most densely populated by Mongols and the following were the result of small internal rebellions combining with the large forces of the already freed Shogunates. These Eight Shogunates would not be allowed to leave easily and the Japanese Empire engaged in a war for around a decade with the Mongolians. Rather than discourage the Mongols, this only taught them proper military techniques. The Japanese poured many resources, time, weapons, and men into fighting the Mongols in the “Eight Rebellious Territories.” the Mongols eventually had a new treaty with the Japanese in New Kyoto, renamed Ulan Bator after the legendary “red hero” that led the first rebellion in this city. The year 1254 (501 AD) was tremendous for the Mongols and they were created in a much more favorable state than they had the first time they were established. The Khan had a son who was expected to inherit leadership of the nation and he was given the privilege of marrying a Sinican Princess, third daughter of Emperor Anzhou 安周, thereby giving the new nation a strong ally. This also came with an alliance with almost all other powers in Asia, with the Japanese being an obvious exception.
The Death of AnzhouEditOn the morning of March 7, 1266 (513 AD) Emperor Anzhou of the Second Han Dynasty was found dead in his bedchamber. Anzhou died so unexpectedly that he had not had a single male heir. He had five daughters and all but one of whom was married. The one who was not married held the name Helian (赫連) and she was the second born. Her older sister, the oldest of the daughters of Anzhou held that if she had a son then he would become Emperor. Similar arguments were made by all five sisters and without a clear heir there was a call to gather to Council of Dukes from across the Empire. These leaders came together and deigned to make the only decision that was available to them. Princess Helian was crowned Empress of Sininca, the first in the Second Han Dynasty. Helian was the only unmarried woman and none of the Dukes of the Council wished to choose any of the other sisters as this would make their husbands Emperors without having any royal blood. Though the status of women in Sinica was very low, Helian was a strong and politically knowledgeable woman. She was not without her connections among the Dukes that likely helped her in becoming Empress. Despite this decision the Council was not without its reservations.
Eunuchs had been employed by the Emperors and Royalty in Sinica for centuries to watch over the consorts and wives of wealthy and powerful men without risk of those men taking advantage of that responsibility. In recent administrations the Eunuchs were required not only to watch over women but to educate them and their children in many cases. The combination of the Eunuchs guardian role with the role of educator made them some of the most intelligent people to be in the palaces of Sinica. The Dukes of the Sinican Council chose to make them official advisers meant to keep the Empress from making any irrational actions. In addition to this conflict, the Empress had to deal with pressures from around her Empire about finding a husband and making an heir. Helian was against sharing her power in any way that she could prevent and though she did like some of the gentlemen that approached her she never married. The Council of Dukes that had assembled resided in the capital throughout her term in case they needed to react to any sudden political change, not to mention the fact that they never entirely trusted or felt comfortable with the idea of a women in power.
Empress HelianEditDespite these problems the Empress managed a very successful reign and her country was the better for it. Empress Helian was popular with the leaders of the Sinican allied nations. Helian was also not an unattractive character among the people of Kyoto. The Japanese Emperor, who had been growing increasingly uninterested in the affairs of Asia, began a much more amiable diplomatic relationship with the Sinicans and their new Empress. Emperor Hidetsuga of Japan and Empress Helian forged a new peace treaty in order to curb the tense relationship that had grown in East Asia. Part of this agreement included a free trade agreement with the city of Hong Kong, which was currently owned by the Japanese. Another feature included an end to any land claims that the Sinicans would make on the lands that the Japanese controlled, including the long argued status of the Island of Taiwan.
The Final and most important feature of the treaty was the agreement that set the precedent of “Freedom of the Seas” (自由的海). This stipulation gave the Sinicans, and their allies, freedom to move through most of the seas as they saw necessary. The Japanese believed that the Sinicans would not attempt any great movement of ships and they also desired to contract the wide spread of their Navy following military and financial losses in the Second Mongolian Revolution. The Sinicans would not waste the new freedom that they had in not fearing retaliation by the Japanese Navy.
The Sinican Colony, ZhimindiEdit
The Sinincans had built up such an extensive alliance in Asia that if it were not for the might of the Japanese then they would have surely overtaken the the continent. The Empire of Sinica, The Khanate of Mongolia, The Khmer Empire, The United Kingdom of Lao-Cham, The Thai Kingdom, The Java Republic, The Thenmobist Kingdom of Borneo, The Tanimbar Kingdom, The Motu Kingdom, The Commonwealth Republic of Vanuatu, and the Admiralty of Lapita launched a huge coalition fleet into what is the new world. They had actually been preparing to take a long route as far from the Japanese as they could sail but with this treaty came a great opportunity for this coalition to move into the new world. When the Sinicans and the many others arrived in the new world they quickly found that though their number gave them an advantage, they were not going to take these lands as easily as the Japanese reported that they had.Arriving on what is today Baranof Island, Alaska. This area was where the Sinicans set up their fist colony which then named Zhimindi (殖民地), meaning colony in the Sinican Language. Zhimindi became and remained the area with the msot concentrated population in the Sinican Colony. That being said, the Sinicans and the coalition forces spread out to the lands all along the west coast of North America. In total both the Japanese and the Sinicans settled on naming the new continent by the two characters 美 meaning “beautiful” and 洲 meaning “continent.”
The First of the native groups that the Sinicans came into contact with were the Kwakiutl. These people were very nomadic until they were introduced to the farming practices of the Sinicans which were combined with wisdom that the natives had about certain crops. The Sinicans and the Kwakiutl cooperated for nearly forty years until the year 1304 (551 AD) when the Sinicans declared that they no longer required the assistance of the Kwakiutl. After this the Kwakiutl and the native people of the Beautiful Continent was not the same. The Sinicans no longer depended on their assistance and the native people and the East Asian immigrants began to disassociate themselves. Overall the natives lost out in this process and eventually the idea entered their group discussions about the fact that they used to own all the land and had no competition but had since allowed their land to be stolen from them. With this the natives attempted to take back the lands from the Asians by force but this ended disastrously for the natives. After this attempt the Sinicans almost always trusted native people’s and refused their association from that point forward. By this same year the Sinicans and other Asian powers controlled much of the western coast of OTL British Columbia.
|970-1104 (217- 351 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1104-1310 (351-557 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)||1310-1376 (557-623 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)|