Alternate History

1031-1066 (278-313 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)

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The Frankish Revolution 1029 (276 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus) 1031-1066 (278-313 AD) L'Union Homanus 1066-1205 (313-452 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)

The Senate Changes and Election of 1031 (278 AD)

Emperor Jacobus had seen that the elites in the Provinces, if allowed to form the same feelings of superiority even to the Emperor that the Aquitanians had formed, could plot against him or any other Emperor. Francia and Aquitania both became Senatorial Provinces, as well as Britannia, Mauretania, Macedonia, Numidia, Dalmatia, Tingitana, Judea and Syria. Many of the provinces had been inspired into adopting more principles of Ignacius’s cambissima which were the cause, many believed, of the prosperity of the Aquitanians and the Franks. Also, policies of freedom and voting, as were embraced by the Franks, became central to the policies of the new Governors and the new Senators. {C}The number of Senatorial Provinces was now Twenty Five and the number of senators became Three Hundred and Seventy Five and Jacobus, focusing on his military preparedness on the frontiers and the submission of the newly conquered peoples, allowed the Senate to manage its Provinces more freely than as was done under Ignacius and Carolus. During this time the Emperor, who was becoming more prone to illness, died on these excursions due to the cold he was not used to. The Military was adopting some of the insulating furs and other sorts of clothes worn by these people but Jacobus did not live to see them completed.
Senatorial and Imperial Provinces with Ethipoia Nigeria and India

Senatorial Provinces in Blue, and Imperial Provinces in Red with the bordering countries of Ethiopia, Orange; Nigeria, light blue; and India, purple.

Decius and Freedom

In Rome, the Senators began looking for a replacement for Jacobus while trying not to scare the people of the Empire with the knowledge that there is an open throne. The son of Jacobus, Decius, took the position of Governor of Francia but had, without any other suitable or widely popular candidate, been elected Emperor in the year 1032 (279 AD). Among his first things to do was replace the Constitution of Rome that had been implemented by Carolus many decades earlier.

A bust of the Emperor Decius later in his life.

Among the orders to be placed was the elimination of nobility throughout the Empire, which was very quickly seen as drawing from his influence as Governor in Francia. The provinces of Parthia, Scandinavia, Prussia, Suebia, and Armenia had had their nobilities removed or killed in the conflicts with those countries. However, in the older provinces, those around the Mediterranean Sea, were those who found this measure most objectionable. Decius, though, with the support of the people of those provinces removed the nobilities in the Assemblies of those provinces and called immediately for the election of new assembly members there. Many of these, as the people weren’t used to any others, were the same as they had been before. Decius walked from this battle victorious and freedom was, in law, put in place in the Provincial levels. Among the other things done by this Emperor was patronage of the sciences which were emerging in the Aegyptian and Greccian Provinces.The Aegyptians had been an advanced people, even by Roman standards, and were famous for their knowledge of chemistry, medicine, and how their knowledge of these sciences spread to the other parts of the Roman World. The People of Aegypt, with the development of the railroad, and the other businesses in the Province led to a surge in children that could be supported with all the new resources available. Aegypt was already the most populated Province in the Empire, as well as the oldest with a continuing cultural identity.

The Scientific Revolution


Despite this, many of these children went into the scientific universities which were established around the Delta. Thebes and Alexandria were by far the largest and specialized in the studies of the physical world. Science, as it had followed from Aristotle, was not advanced in its foundation. The Scientific Method, the Aristotelian Method, was at this time only about observation, hypothesis, and argument of logic. The experimentation of the hypotheses was not done until the Theban and Alexandrian scientists decided to take up the cause of advancing Aegyptus.

The first experiment to be done by these universities was after the observation of the movement of planets and stars. The first university observatory in the University of Alexandria was used to examine the exact motion of the planets as was observed earlier in Ancient Greece and Aegypt. These older scientists, from Herodotus, Aristotle, Plato, Eratosthenes (who calculated the circumference of the Earth), and Claudius Ptolemaeus (a patron of Alexandria and man who coined the epicycle model of the planets and writer of the Amalgest). Among the contributions of Alexandria to the Science of Astronomy was the knowledge of the distance between the sun and the Earth, which came from the treatises and studies of Hipparchus from the island of Rhodes and their connection to the University of Athens where the records were kept and subsequently printed over the years and became very popular in the University circles.

Hipparchus and Ptolemy’s uses of geometric construction to determine the features of the Earth, Moon, and Sun came to form the theory of the three bodies, which connected the theory of eclipses, the theory of tides, the theory of the spherical Earth, and the theory of the giant Sun, and the controversial and most researched theory of Heliocentrism. The Hipparchists as they came to be known produced the first telescope and observed the planets that were known of at the time, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. One of the evidences of the Heliocentric theory was that observation, from the observatory in Alexandria, of the phases of the planet Venus, which were like those of the Moon. This observation proved that Venus must be going around the sun and the light hitting it at different angles. This was hotly debated in scientific newspapers moved throughout the Easter Mediterranean.


Another observation, this time in Thebes, was the observation of horse breeding among the charioteers of the city. This theory led to the hypothesis that all animals had characteristics that could be selectively bred into many generations and other characteristics that could be eliminated. The first experimentation, which was becoming a more and more popular part of science, for this was done with plants, the forget-me-not, and introduced the ability of people to control their environment. Like Cambissima described the economic system already in place, the inheritance of characteristics was already known by farmers and herders and they were only new as far as giving it a name and experiment. However, the force behind this was not exactly know.
University of Londinium

The University of Londinium, notice the Greeco-Roman style of architecture.


The Motion of Planets as well as how gravity interacts with these movements became a subject of debate from every edge of the Empire. The University of Londinium in Britannia with its school of Science and Astronomy researched heavily. The Hipparchists who held that the planets revolved in circles around the sun were contested by observations from Londinium which were finding that the Earth seems to have a slight difference at opposite times of the year, making the orbit of the planets an ellipse rather than a circle. The Four Hipparchic Laws of Planetary Orbit, which Hipparchus himself did not make, were that: planets orbit in a circle, the sun is the center of that circle, the speed of the planet in that orbit is constant, the square of the sidereal period (year) is proportional to the cube of the distance to the sun. The Limilian rebuttals, named after Limilius Pheron head of the University of Londinium’s School of Science and Astronomy at the time, were that: planets orbit in ellipses, the sun is at one focal point, the speed of the planet is not constant but the area between distances of equal time were equal, and that the square of the sidereal period is proportional to the cube of the mean between the maximum and minimum distances from the Sun.
Epicycle model

The Epicycle, as was contending with the two heliocentric models, Limilian and Hipparchic.

The University of Londinium became the first University outside of Greccia and Aegyptus to be seriously involved in the study of the sciences. The areas next to Britannia sided with the Limilian Model and the areas of the Eastern and Southern Mediterranean tended to side with the Aegyptians and Greccians. Germania, being a large entrepôt of culture and economy over recent years as well as partnering with Francia in the pursuit of an enlightenment ideal, did not follow the Aegyptian or Greccian authorities on Science and researched into the motion of these bodies in more than just abstract concepts like that of gravity or the immediate observations. Following the Limilian Model from their neighbor Britannia, Francia had become peaceful with the province since its establishment and separation from Aquitania, demonstrated with objects on Earth how motion can interact with motion and matter. The Franco-Germanic laws of motion became codified as such: every body remains at rest or at constant velocity unless acted upon by an external, unbalanced force; a body accelerates in the same direction as the force applied to it and the acceleration is proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass of the body; and every force exerts an equal and opposite reaction when it strikes another object. These became the basis of mechanics as it would grow in these industrial provinces.

Steam Power and Fluid Dynamics.

Steam Power, as it was understood, was caused by the heating of water into steam and the pressure being used to perform mechanical ends, such as moving a train down rails. But this began to be, as all things were, studied in the schools and by the entrepreneurs of the Empire, sometimes including the Emperor Decius himself. Solid Dynamics was being better understood from the discoveries and the work of people described above. Fluid dynamics, including both hydrodynamics and aerodynamics, were very young in terms of the other disciplines. Density, as being able to be controlled by people, was still a new concept. The research the went into these things was often don in pursuit of commercial rather than scholastic ends and from business rather than educational patrons. Friction in the air and in water, rather than simply on ground, was first documented when the hypothesis that a feather would fall as fast as a solid bullet in an area without air. Air was believed at the time to be everywhere and irremovable. The vindication of this position came in the year 1039 (285 AD) when this was documented in the University of Lutetia (Paris) which had become almost as large as those of
University of Lutetia

The University of Lutetia

Rome, Athens, Thebes, and Alexandria. This elimination of wind resistance was studied further to give note to how differences in the shape of objects changes the flow of air and water around them. The formation of vortexes behind ships with large bows led to the move to make boats with thinner and thinner bows of ships to increase their speed. This understanding of drag also played a role in the shape of trains through the air. Large sails became a defining feature of the ships of the Romans. They were impressive and versatile and made the navy what it was.

With faster ships a more aerodynamic trains and bullets, which began to resemble each other in some ways, the army was as usual the greatest benefactor in these developments. The accuracy of bullets came with the changing of the barrel of rifles from solid to twisting, which spun the bullet making it more accurate. The first snipers came about in this time. The first use for these new ships came with the moving of the first parts of the military from the Mediterranean Sea around the Continent of Africa, whose extent was not at that time known. The army came back in Southern Aegyptus and their voyage took less than one year. The people of Aegypt were very excited to know that there was more land for them to have. The kingdom of Ethiopia was under the threat of attack from Rome if it ever gave them cause. This came on the Seventeenth of August, 1041 (287 AD) when the Ethiopian Navy, taking the stance that those waters being explored were theirs and theirs only.

The Ethiopian War 1041 (288 AD)

{C}The Gold rich country of Ethiopia was by no means a backwards nation. The native people there were also by not means barbaric. They had a king who had done deals with the Emperor of Rome and who, until recently, saw it more beneficial to their state and people to cooperate with the dominant power in the country. Which indeed it was. The most recent king of Ethiopia, Endubis, took no issue with Rome, as no other King had since the conquest of Aegyptus, which had long been hostile to Ethiopia. Endubis was followed by his son Aphilas who was more influenced by the ideas of manifesting destiny and the right of people to conquer if they are able to as came from the earlier Emperor Jacobus who was in no way a stranger to the King during his developing years. The first actions of Aphilas were those of aggression and protectionism, cutting the Romans from the good and the trade of their country.
APhilas coin

A coin of the "Emperor" Aphilas of Ethiopia

The Aegyptians initially ignored this, but as they began to feel threatened on the border tensions grew. Weapons from Rome had been bought by the wealthy and prosperous nation in East Africa and these supported their military. The war that would come would be very bloody and costly as the weapons of the two nations were rather close in strength and advancement. The city of Axum in Ethiopia was the capital and the head of government, and was not far from the border of the provinces. However, this border was heavily fortified and the city even more so. The People of the country were not nearly as enthusiastic as the King himself was. The Ethiopians wanted to take as many of their belongings as they could out of the city but were trapped by the gates therein in order to force the people of these regions to fight. If they have to fight to survive they will be all the more effective.

The Roman military believed and held that the conquest of these people would happen quickly and so did not send the large armies expected. The Ethiopians however were very prepared for the most that Rome could muster, or the amount they believed them capable of producing. The Ethiopians met and conquered the contingency sent to them and moved into the Province of Aegyptus. The city of Merovia between the bend at the fourth and fifth cataracts was captured in the September of the year 1041 (287 AD) and the Nile became an even stronger way for the Ethiopians to move into the provinces. The newspapers in the Province and the Delta were in panic of the coming hordes of Ethiopians. The Emperor Decius moved quickly and as decisively as he could. From the ports on the Red Sea troops were sent under the aegis of night and equipped with the new science of the rifle and snipers that were available to them and not yet widely available. A larger army would come behind them to enforce order in the province.

The King Aphilas had a deep hatred of the people of Aegypt, as many of them, if not as much, had for the Ethiopians. The City of Merovia was wealthy from the movement of troops and goods up from the Nile and from their former trading partner to the South. The King of Ethiopia declared himself Emperor of Ethiopia on the First of October in this year and stood atop the walls of Axum every day to greet his people, huddling together fearing for their lives. The Larger army moved to take the cities south and east of Axum to cut of the supply lines coming from the gold heavy and fertile areas there. The Romans were successful in this effort as the Ethiopians lost faith in their “Emperor” as they heard, slowly and fractiously, about the terror in the capital. This army moved into the city of Axum from the South, unexpectedly considering the Ethiopians still had Merovia. The southern wall, the least defended was quickly burned down with the cannons of Rome. The snipers that moved to the tops of the walls aimed for the megalomaniacal “Emperor” as he moved with the army to attack the Romans. They were surprised to see, as they reported afterwards, that the citizens of Axum began to turn on their oppressor and his army.

Axum fell from the inside out and the Romans were invited for the reconstruction efforts. Ethiopia said that they would declare themselves a Province of the Empire if they would be allowed to have members in the Senate of Rome, and institution and honor reserved for the most advanced Provinces and usually after a good part of time under Roman hegemony. This was, however, accepted, by Decius on the condition that the Ethiopians would relinquish control of Merovia and in all other ways conform with Roman law, something that was not a mystery to these people. The little blood in the capital, save that of the deposed “Emperor”, was met with the seemingly permanently stained ground in places like Merovia and where the Blue and White Nile meet, Elepahntrompa (Elephant’s trunk or Khartoum). The color red and the sacrifice of these men would be defining for the Aegyptian and Ethiopian relations in the future.

The Senators from the Province of Ethiopia, as it was now called under the temporary military governorship of Decius’s best friend from Francia, Robertus Maximus a noted scholar of liberty in Francia, were much darker in color even from the Senators from the Eastern Mediterranean and North Africa. This, being more than a deep tan, was a source of much fear in the city of Rome where the Senate still met. Despite this, the Senators were given an equal vote and could speak Latin eloquently and sometimes better than Senators from older Provinces. Robertus introduced many aspects of freedom heretofore unknown to the Ethiopians. The Universities of the cities made many advancements in terms of the study of the workings of government and they started with the principle that the People were the Sovereign. The Ethiopians like to emphasis this premise in the new Ethiopian constitution and the abolition of the Monarchy. The Republican style of Government in Ethiopia formed the basis of political science for the future of Roman Academia.

The Peace of Decius 1042-1061 (289-308 AD)

The First Monopolies

The Emperor Decius had made great success in the Province of Ethiopia and continued the trends that have been demonstrated previously. The First of these was the incorporation of the newer provinces into a Roman Culture. The expansion of schools into these areas was a new and surprising development for these first generations of Roman Scandinavians, Prussians, Suebians, and other Provincials. These Provinces were most influenced by the Provinces of Aurelia and Germania who had become the most integrated of the formerly barbaric lands. These times were called peaceful because there were no major wars in the Empire. The people and the economy over this period, as well as the culture of the Empire, expanded but not smoothly and without end.

Among the economic trends that was occurring in the Empire was the rise of certain parts of an industry to take the whole of that industry. The First railroad monopoly in the empire came with in Greccia and the process of vertical integration over the coal mines in this area locked the industry and expansion of the industry in the hands of a single family. They had bought so many political figures in their and the surrounding provinces that no laws were enacted against them. The Government turned its eyes from these developments. The Senate however was not having this. The Britannian and Francian Senators as well as Germanian and Aurelian businessmen, as Germania was not a Senatorial Province, moved together to try to stop the control of the coal mines from reaching any further than it had into the Northern Provinces. Along with this attempt of control came the emergence of the Continental economy. Trade could not only be conducted from one end of the empire to another but possessions could be held from on end to the other. The People had become used to this. But the coal owners left in the North were moving for laws against monopolies.

The debate that emerged in the public opinion was about the autonomy of a business to expand and how “protectionists” as they were labeled were obstructing progress. The Britannians, Germanians, and Aurelians lost in the end but the mines in Francia remained protected by the laws from the Assembly in Lutetia (Paris). Following this development came ignorance from the public on the issue further.

The Financial Crisis of 1044 (291 AD) and the Energy Revolution.

Despite the control that the Greccians now had over the railroad in Rome, the technology continued to expand and the Empire was quickly becoming more connected. From across the Empire goods were shipped in such quantity that the rise in coal prices went unnoticed to those who sought to move the goods. While this was happening the economy continued to expand and there was a need for more money among the people. The Gold found in new provinces, like Ethiopia, was in many ways sufficient but the decrease in the ratio of gold to other metals would lead to an overall debasement of the Roman Coin. As each coin had less purchasing power prices rose, but the people usually did not notice this either. The wages they were receiving grew, though not nearly as much as prices, and most people were satiated.

When the year 1044 (291 AD) came people were moving more things than ever and the Greccian families that held almost total power in the transportation industry were making more villas and cities in the Empire than the colonizing people who were meant to naturally make these new centers of market. The Greccians controlled these also, though giving a small amount to the puppet government of the Province for the schools and other services required to keep people from noticing the rise in prices and the decrease in wages that would come when the working people were no longer paying attention to the economy they lived in.

This stopped sustaining itself when the new newspaper from Francia came out in the February of this year. The ‘Friend of the People’ as it was called attempted to expose the things being done in the provinces by these monopolies, especially the monopoly on transportation. The crest of the crisis came when the prices became prohibitively expensive to the Parthian and Armenian Provinces who had very few railroads to move into North Africa and Europe. The prices of moving the old way was becoming more dangerous however, unemployed people became pirates in the Seas and areas where the government or military was scarce at best. The petition from the Government of the Provinces was ignored as was the creation of the monopolies that left these people unemployed in the first place; the monopolies maintained the position that if the danger of not using the trains would bring them back to their industry and their money back to their coffers.

The price of ignorance was no longer acceptable. People could no longer take their grain from North Africa to any further than Hispania or Aegyptus without the price being too much than would coincide with the wages that had become standard. The Friend of the People wrote the most extensive and inflaming article which was sent from Lutetia down to Rome where the emperor was asked to do something.

“Not only have the rampant piracy and robbery in the trade routes without rail become so dangerous that the poorest slave is subject to such amounts of violence and murder that the movement of even basic necessities can only occur with the consent and gratuitous compensation of the barons of industry that have themselves created the conditions leading so many into poverty. If nothing is done before the close of the year the entire system of economy could no longer support the demands of the people that have been built over recent centuries. I see few other options for the lawful and respectable people of this Empire to do than to take up arms at least against the pirates if not against the politicians and Greccian monopolies that have created this strife and ought suffer for it.”

The rebellion of Athens in May was brought against the monopolists. Their local villa, which they weren’t residing in at the time, was taken and destroyed and the building torn down to make other buildings. This destruction of Private Property was not prosecuted as many of the law enforcement and military officials had felt the pain this single family had brought to their lives. The Emperor was told by almost all Generals and Commanders in the Empire, with the exception of those already purchased, that if they were not ordered to move against these pirates and the Senate and Emperor not force this family to dismantle their monopoly; it would be done by force and without the approval of the Senate.

The fervor which could even be seen in Rome, as many of the people could not get grain from North Africa without sacrificing everything else that also cost so much, brought the, reluctant, move of the Emperor and Senate against this coal owners. The family, who had claimed a relation to a extinct cult leader from Nazareth, fell in less than one week and their villas deconstructed and their coal mines returned to previous owners. The Friend of the People became one of the most popular European Newspaper and the prices began to fall, but it would take much longer to build again than to destroy once.

An early Arabian oil field, notice the unrefined quality of the structure because of the exploratory teams not funded by any large institution.

While this was happening other provinces were moving to create new forms of energy to combat coal, which was believed to be able to be controlled in a monopoly again if it could happen once. the largest of these came out of Parthia. The oil fields that had been seen as useless and a burden had begun to be refined into gasoline and the trains and railroad industry, as well as any other factory or industry that required power, incorporated the new invention instead of coal. When the mines were taken away from the monopoly and prices went down, it was still much cheaper to use local gasoline than coal from Europe. The new technologies spread from Parthia into North Africa. Meanwhile the Province of Iceland, by far the least advance in the Empire and only known from records of the Scandinavians, used its extensive hot springs as a source of heat for their own energy needs. This practise spread to other Northern Provinces and was used in conjunction with eh creation of new bathhouses, a very Roman tradition that existed in almost every Province.

Several forms of energy now were competing with each other and were well developed by the close of 1044 (291 AD) and prices were beginning to fall and the pirates beginning to go back to work, if they weren’t killed by Decius and his army. Another invention that would come from these was also done in conjunction with the Scientific Community.

The Discovery of Electricity

Thales of Miletos was the first Ancient Greccian scientist who experimented and researched the phenomenon of static electricity. Studying amber rods which when rubbed on the fur of cats could attract feathers was extrapolated to be like the property of magnetism in magnetite, with the exception of being cause by friction rather than an intrinsic property. This research took place around 150 (around 600 AD) when Rome was far less than the Empire it had grown to be. The ability of water to conduct electricity was discovered when the amber rod was placed in water and observed in the University of Ctesiphon around the year 1050 (297 AD). The storage of this conduct was taken to mean either that the metal or the water were conducting the electricity. A further experiment came when on a rainy day in Francia, as the scientists had to travel to an area that was more prone to rain, when once of the scientists took a kite out with a small metal key attached to it. Sparks were noticed when the lightning finally struck the kite but again whether the water or the metal was the cause was not determined. Lightning however was determined to be electrical in nature. Glass jars were filled with water and coated with metal to experiment with different metals to assess their ability to conduct electricity. The metal copper, aluminium and silver were found to be very conductive and gold was even more so but was not able to be afforded in any greater quantity.
Leyden jars

The metal coated glass jar used in electrical experimentation.

The experimentation with these materials would continue to interest the Parthian Scientific community but would not gain practical notice outside these Eastern Provinces until the invention of the telegraph in 1054 (301 AD) which was brought about by the invention of the Parthian Code (Morse Code) earlier that year which was transmitted with signals of dashes and dots to represent letters and numbers. The Indian number system had spread to the Parthian Provinces and was now incorporated into the technology that would be the defining change in the military of Decius as the coordination of troop movement from far away could manage larger expeditions and operations. The First battery came about in the same time also in Carolianensis (Baghdad) and would develop into more efficient and larger forms as their use expanded as did interest in them.

The Scientific Revolution continued and the people of Rome began to see its improvements as more businesses than ever had been started by people from across the Empire. The Programs of Eduction that had received much more investment from the Government of Rome as well as had more material to teach with the recent advancements across the fields of science and math and the inventions in other fields that were becoming the basis of more advancements and efficiencies as these businesses competed. The general standard of living in the Empire was rising and so was the wealth of every citizen.
Morse code

A later example of the transmitter used with the telegraph

The first of these efficiencies was the assembly line model of factory work which started in Noricum and Raetia (Switzerland and Western Austria) where space was not in abundance. The next invention to follow these creations was the light bulb which, after experimentation with the ability of electricity to create sparks more with the new element called Platinum around a bulb of glass. This was still an inefficient method of producing light compared to the costs of finding the materials and their assembly, as well as their short life before breaking, but it set the precedent that with enough research anything was possible to the People of Rome.

The next years would be followed by more research with little discovery, but many improvements in existing discoveries and inventions. The Population in the Empire grew from around Eighty Million people dispersed across great expanses of lands at the ascension of Jacobus in 1011 (247 AD) with cities dotting the maps to large urban centers in an Empire of around Two Hundred and Thirty Million People at the start of the 1060’s with a relatively high standard of living and more access to technology and eduction than ever.

The Bubonic Plague of 1060 (307 AD)

The peace of the areas around the Empire was a very fortunate happenstance for the Empire at this time as a plague would begin to sweep across the whole of the Empire. The first death was recorded in the Far East Parthian Provinces leading the historians afterwards to theorize that the epidemic came from India or Sinica. Sinica, but not India, reported similar amounts of death and was seen as the culprit. Indians at the first mass death in Canton (Guangzhou 广州), Sinica led to less trade with these people and research into treatments in case it did spread into their territory. While this was happening the trade that was growing so exponentially in Rome diffused quickly throughout the Empire on trains, on boats, on roads, and especially in cities where cleanliness had become much less of an issue. The Medical Universities believed that the cats and rats that were unchecked in these packed areas were the cause of the illness and began to burn large numbers of rats in order to reduce the risk of infection. The real cause of the plague however was fleas which were ran from the fires and on to the people around the display. This was not learned until around ten years later when the scientists were able to return in reasonable numbers as the plague abated.
The plague of Azoth-1024x768-18390

A depiction of the Plague in the city of Rome

The carts of bodies were removed from the streets to prevent infection and burned with the rats once the cemeteries had been filled, which happened quickly. Cities and factories could not be used as the management, owners, investors, workers, and suppliers were dying in droves. The Population of the Empire which was described as being Two Hundred and Thirty Million at the start of the year fell drastically to One Hundred and Ten Million who were so devastated that their depression slowed the economy and the academies for years to come. The Emperor himself would die of this plague in 1061(308 AD) and left no heir apparent and much of the Senate had refused to hold session lest they risk their own deaths. The Government of many Provinces shut down and many academies closed their doors. Some medical researchers in Parthia had enough resources to continue to work in their own homes. One many named Tullius Crimonus traveled to the provinces of India and studied with them. The Indians had adopted many of the educational reforms that were common in Rome and made fantastic strides in the medical field. The invention of vaccination and a cure for a virus was discovered by this culture and brought to Parthia with the consent of the Indians after seeing depictions of the death and terror among the people of their neighbor.

The vaccinations were expensive to produce however and were at first available to the mangers of the larger factories, the government officials, and other wealthy people. Their investments led to the first widespread vaccination in the cities of Ctesiphon and Carolianensis which was a practice that would reach the European provinces last after making its way through Aegypt, Ethiopia, Cyrenica, Numidia, Mauritania, and Tingitana before entering Baetica and Hispania on the Iberian Peninsula and then on to Europe. The death and loss of people would remain close in the minds of people for years to come but slowly the population began to rise again and the economy to return. The Senate would not meet again until the year 1066 (313 AD) where they elected an Italian General, rumored to be the bastard son of Jacobus, named Henricus to the Imperial throne. The Empire neither shrank nor grew in these years.


The European Timeline
The Frankish Revolution 1029 (276 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus) 1031-1066 (278-313 AD) L'Union Homanus 1066-1205 (313-452 AD) (L'Uniona Homanus)

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