Continued Roman Expansion
Rome then began to expand toward southern Ionia in 101 CE. A massive sea-land invasion of southern Ionia led to all of it being conquered in 105 CE.
Roman Civil War
Many in Rome were unsatisfied with the current Roman Republic. This led to Hadrian, a citizen of Rome, to overthrow the Senate in 110 CE. However, many troops felt loyal to the Republic, so a war between the "Roman Empire" and the Roman Republic began.
However, by 120 CE, Hadrian fell to an illness. He went to the Roman Republic to negotiate a peace agreement. The lands of Rome were split and Germania, Italia, and Dalmatia were given to Hadrian, now Hadrian Caesar, while Greece and Ionia were given to the Provisional Senate.
Fall of the Eastern Republic
However, in the same year, Caesar's troops invaded and reconquered Eastern Rome. The Roman Empire could now look to expansion under Hadrian Caesar.
Note: The title of Caesar in Rome is based on the title of Barca in Carthage.
The Roman Empire, looking to expansion, invaded Keltia in 122 CE. However, the exhausted Roman Empire only gained a fraction of Keltia by the time Hadrian died in 138 CE. The Roman Empire agreed to a peace treaty in the same year. However, although only a part of Keltia was gained, imperial ambitions were realized by the Roman Empire.
Fall of the Shunga
The Shunga Republic in Bharat eventually fell to the Satavahana in 140 CE, a political family in Bharat who established the Satavahana Dynasty in Bharat. This ended the brief republican experiment in Bharat.
In 150 CE, the state of Babylonia grew in a series of wars to rival Rome. In the Roman-Babylonian Wars, however, Babylonia fell to Roman rule. Over 500 years after gaining independence from the Achaemenids, Babylon fell to the might of Rome in 165 CE.
The often neglected nation of Egypt wanted to become powerful. To begin, they began to invade Israel in 170 CE. This invasion was successful. However, the conquest of Israel was taken badly by mostly-Jewish Phoenicia. They declared war on Egypt and were annexed by Egypt in 175 CE. This angered Carthage, who saw their annexation of the motherland as evil and declared war on Egypt. By 198 CE, Phoenicia and Israel regained independence with Egypt being split into Upper and Lower Egypt. Lower Egypt began to fall under Roman domination.