The 1st Century is the eighth section of the Iron Age. Among this time was the mass Maori migration that occurred that led to their arrival on the continent of Aoteroa.
|Iron Age Pt. 7:|
|Iron Age Pt. 8|
|Iron Age Pt. 9:|
Although the Egyptians were still prosperous in past centuries, they had grown truly stagnant with no ability to expand into the Levant, due to the Persians or into Europa, due the Macedonians. The Egyptians were stuck. Even with their expansions southward into the heart and the coast of Eastern Ifran, they were stopped by pockets of collective tribes or by the occasional small Ifran kingdom. Though thankfully Egypt had a two key points in which other nations did not hold. First was the key shipping and trading location of the Punt, on the tip of Eastern Ifran which allowed for faster transportation of goods from Asia, more specifically China and Indus. The other important region, was the man made Red Canal. The canal allowed for said foreign goods to be transported much faster from Punt into the White Sea to be distributed across the various nations that bordered the White Sea.
Though despite their progression in the outside world, the progress within the Empire was going fairly well. With a rebirth in the arts inside the Empire, due to the lack of outside progress, many took to make changes and help their Empire themselves. Such as famous Egyptian writer Fuhssi'air Kirsi'ahçý, known for his book titled "Wusu zu Fuhs" or "Where we Fit." It covers the history of the Egyptian Empire and where he predicts the nation is headed. For those who were able to buy copies, they were astounded by his writing and serious critique of the nation. Though those higher elites and nobles who he criticized for "holding the empire back from," were displeased with his writings.
The Cogotas Empire would continue their domination of the Iberian Peninsula into the 1st century CE. With further incursions against the Mauretania, who had been dubbed by the Cogotas people as the 'Western Carthage Kingdom'. Merely as an insult to the Mauritanians to remind them that they were a crushed and defeated empire. The Cogotas would eventually go on to conquer all of the remaining Iberian kingdoms. The only other kingdom that stood against them was the Mauretania and the subjected kingdoms with no self governance. These kingdoms were turned into military districts and ruled by the Emperor's most trusted generals or advisors. With a head held high and momentum on their side, the Cogotas eventually renamed themselves to a much more prestigious name, the Euskaldunak Empire.
The Euskaldunak Empire's push into mainland Europa was not as aggressive as the Macedonians, they did not have the manpower or the sheer size they did. So they had to be smart and slowly butter up the small tribes and kingdoms in Francia. Sometimes even turning tribes against each other or aiding loyal tribes to conquest. Only to then annex them into their growing empire. Though there was one large problem constantly at their borders and the problem was growing bigger everyday. The Macedonians and their seemingly near infinite resources were spreading across Europa at an alarming rate. Emperor of the Euskaldunak Empire, Patxi Remus, attempted to avoid conflicts all together, he noticed that skirmishes were occurring across the Euskaldunak and Macedonian border. From the Euskaldunak scout reports it was the Macedonians who attacked, and the Macedonians reported it was the Euskaldunak who attacked first. The Macedonian Emperor, Nerva, finally was able to ease tension after replacing his general of the Western Army with someone with much better negotiation skills. As these two Empires knew neither would come out of a potential war with much to gain, and much more to lose.
White Sea War
Over the first century, many things occurred in Macedonia. When the Macedonians united the entire Italia mainland, they were proud of this accomplishment. Though their was a large problem making itself known just off the southern tip of Italia and off its western coast. That problem was the large islands that were under the control by the once great Carthage. Sicily was the closet threat and main target of the Macedonian Empire, they eventually decided to invade Sicily and take back the island and then the subsequent "Twin Islands" to the west. The conflict would be eventually known as the White Sea War.
The main plan of attack was to trick the Carthaginians of an invasion on the twin islands. This diversion of a large naval fleet onto the twin islands, would divert the main Carthaginians forces to the twin islands, and leave open and easy attack on Sicily. The main invading force into Sicily was commanded by Paulinus Stavros, who commanded over 3,000 men to take back the island from the Carthaginians. Whilst Paulinus Stavros was leading his successful march onto the large cities in Sicily, the Macedonian fleet were easily dodging and performing hit and run attacks on the defending Carthaginian fleet. Hermogenes Katsaros of the Macedonian Fleet was able to destroy over 15 Carthaginian war ships and capture 5, enough to heavily cripple the main defending fleet, and force them to take shelter on the Twin Islands. Whilst Paulinus Stavros continued his march onto Sicily and met very little resistance as a majority of the Carthaginian forces were trapped on the Twin Islands, Stravos had a fairly easy time taking the largest cities of Sicily. The final stages of the war, were simply Katsaros hammering down on the forces of the Twin Islands long enough, until they were forced to surrender and the Carthaginian's hands were forced to give the islands to the Macedonians. With the end of the White Sea War, the Carthaginians were finally forced out of Europa and secluded to a small portion of Northern Ifran, bordered dangerously by the Egyptian Empire.
Politics in the West
When Nerva the King of Macedonia ordered the taming and expansion into western Europa, he put famous the veteran Maximilianus Papadopoulos to the task. Known originally as "The Tribe Destroyer" he was sent to ease tensions with the tribes in Germania, the various kingdoms bordering Macedonia, and the Euskaldunak Empire to their western borders. Papadopoulos was actually able to set up small trade posts in the wild untamed lands in central Europa, setting fairly decent relations between the tribes and Empire. Specifically the Angles and Danes. They were greatest trading tribes for the Empire, even giving knowledge and sharing ideas with the tribesmen. The island of Pyrdain was even to send in some small trade from their homeland. The Macedonians were able to make some deals with the native Saxon tribes on the island, and help give the southern tribes the aid they needed to form some order in the southern region of Pyrdain.
However Papadopoulos was not a very favored man by the Euskaldunak Empire. He was known for being very harsh and brash around Euskaldunak diplomats, and allowing Macedonian soldiers to cross into Euskaldunak territory and take resources from the region. Even to full out skirmishes between patrol and scout parties resulting in both sides losing towns and good people in the conflicts. Before Nerva passed and his son took the throne, Nerva removed Papadopoulos from his command and replaced him with a much more diplomatic commander. Although he was not as well conditioned to deal with the tribesmen, he was able to ease tensions between the two Empires before full scale war broke out between the two.
Over these 100 years, Persia continued it's policy of isolation and subsequent fighting. However, a constant state of fear kept the emperors of Persia frequently quabbling with the peasants. After Omid I (emperor of Persia from 6 BCE to 16 CE) died, the Age of Good Crops ended. This caused more poverty to occur in India, which is just what Omid's ancestors had been trying to prevent. However, Omid was quite incompetent, which lead to Persia falling farther and farther into anarchy, especially in the far east. The First Serf Uprising occurred from 6 to 10 AD, with the (majorly Indian) slave population rebelling against the government. The rebellion began when the slaves in the far eastern towns overthrew their masters, and began to form slaver nations of their own. Warlords quickly formed, taking over towns and forcing out the ethnically "superior" slaves. In the north, other Persian slaves revolted. Many other warlords tried taking land in the vast desert, but were stopped due to lack of resources. The states in the OTL Caucasus declared independence, due to a growing sentiment among the people against the Persians. The Persians managed to quell the last of the revolts by 14 AD, but it basically stopped all effort of a united Persian identity for occurring, at least for the next thousand years at least. Luckily, the rest of the century wasn't as eventful. Warlord activity continued for decades, but they quickly got small enough to handle. The only surviving "warlord" was the one who escaped north to form a small empire around the OTL Aral Sea. Other Indian slaves escaped east, further dividing up the already small principalities in the region.
One of China's greatest accomplishments was the improving of the blast furnace. Improved by engineers and statesman Du Shi, from Nanyang invented the first hydraulic powered bellows to the blast furnace in smelting cast iron. He used a complex mechanical device that was powered by the rushing current against a waterwheel, a practice that would continue in China.
Though as China still, suffered from prideful warlords and princes trying to take the Emperor's throne. China was not able to advance much of its borders or territories due to the surprising rise of various princes and warlords, some even forming alliances to take the throne of the Emperor. The reason for these uprisings can be traced back to the first female Chinese Empress, Empress Ming. She was the first female empress of China, after he father, Tu Cheung, passed away with no male heir to run his massive empire. With no other capable family members to run Cheung's empire, they decided to let Ming run the empire. There was obvious opposition to Ming running the empire. With the subsequent uprisings and rebellions from the local warlords the Chinese were forced to lose some of their controlled resources in Korea and Southeastern Asia. As the troops and resources in that region were needed to put down these strings of rebellions.
Even when Ming had passed away, and her twins Huang and Yin took the throne together. They were still met with resistance from the lower warlords and princes, as many of them believed they were the product of an ineffective leader. They went to far as blame the twins and their mother, the empress, for losing their frontier territories. Even though the reason for the loss of the territories was the because the empire needed to put down these rebellions. It was not until Huang publicly executed a rogue prince and his father in front of an army of rebels did the rebellions and uprising actually fall, and the empire was able to recover from the long series of sporadic rebellions and uprisings in the large empire.
The one hundred years represented a slow expansion by Teotihuacan. Gaining land was extremely slow, except for the sudden spurt of activity from one emperor. Centehua the Strong was a master of diplomacy, and was one of the most pacifist Teotihuacan emperors of all time. While more land was gained in the century when he was out of office, he managed to absorb some of the most fickle Mayan regions of his time. While the parts he absorbed became tributary states soon after he died, there were brief moments of piece and understanding between him and the natives who lived to the north. After his death in 42 AD (he reigned for only two years!), his successors capitolized off of his brief success. However, this capitolization came at a price, as many of the natives were forcefully sacrificed and assimilated. The Mayans to the east were weary of future absorbtion, and were preparing to go to war with Teotihuacan by the middle of the century. The Mayan and Teotihuacan emperors frequently met to discuss diplomatic orders, as they were the two powers in the region. The Mayans had naval superiority and an older structure, while Teotihuacan was new and had military superiority. By 60 AD, tensions cooled down, and war was avoided. Over the rest of the century, while small tribal states were absorbed, not much else occurred.
Chavaqquq Shafir was a young man, born in the small town of Kaphar (meaning atonement), which was located in the far north of the Smol Province (North/Left province). Historians credit him to actually have been born around 2 BC, but the date is negligible. His childhood was seemingly uneventful. Like most Enetian boys, he went to temple everyday, and prayed to god like every normal child in the nation. His father, however, wasn't there for his birth, and seemingly never existed at all. His mother, Rebecca Shafir, was supposedly a virgin, which only made Chavaqquq's birth even more strange. Everything went off without any strange occurrences, meaning that no one even came to see Chavaqquq being born. After he grew up, however, he began to find he could perform miracles. Soon after this realization, he began receiving visions of god speaking to him. After this, these events grew exponentially. He traveled throughout much of northern Eneti, spreading his miraculous events. However, the jews who ran the nation of Eneti at the time resented him for this, and claimed that his god was not the valid one. They killed him soon after, but he proved his immortality by coming back to life seven days later, then subsequently ascending to heaven.
Most archaeologist and historians can trace the origins of the Maori on the Aoteroa mainland back to 50 CE. When in the early 1st century, many theorized that the Maori peoples mass migrated from the various smaller islands in Aoteroa and Asia. Many theories have come and gone why the Maori migrated from their original home, climate, lack of resources, or simply seeking a better home. Though one theory is accepted is that the original Maori migration group was split into two, when currents sent them into two directions. The largest group was sent westward and eventually landed on the Aoteroa mainland, while various smaller groups landed on smaller islands. When the main Maori group landed on the mainland, they chose to claim it as their new home, instead of trying to meet with the other groups. Naming the island Aoteroa, or "home" in the Maori language.
How were the Maori able to form states?
It has been speculated, in many different ways, how the Maori were able to form states so quickly and affectively. Some historians believe it was due to trade with the Tarumanagara people of OTL Indonesia, who taught them how to expand and conquer other tribes of the same culture. However, due to skimpy evidence and few sources behind this claim, it has been disregarded. Other historians believe that it simply made better use of the climate than was currently thought. A third party of historians believe that it was able to develop a European-like system of states due to the little amount of food and water available. A system of scarcity could have possibly formed out of hunters and warlords on the island.
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